From the eastern coasts of Assam, Bengal, and Odisha to the western shores of Maharashtra, and down to the southern states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, traditional Indian cuisines rich in fish have always incorporated fish offal – the stomach, intestines, and eggs of fish. Beyond preserving culinary traditions, these practices offer incredible health benefits.

For those hailing from coastal or riverine regions of India, it’s no surprise that fish offal plays a pivotal role in local dishes. However, did you know that these traditional cuisines, deeply rooted in fish-based cultures, are not only sustainable but also in harmony with India’s rich culinary history?

These dishes, whether it’s Bengal’s “Maacher Tel” or Maharashtra’s “Vajri Masala,” are all crafted from fish offal. This longstanding practice has historical significance. Fish offal dishes emerged as a resourceful way to utilize the more affordable parts of fish, like eggs, intestines, lungs, and even head and tail fragments. These dishes were born out of necessity, especially during British colonial times, among marginalized communities.

Today, as awareness about sustainable fishing and minimizing food waste grows globally, the significance of incorporating fish offal into our diets becomes even more vital. Here are seven compelling reasons why these traditional Indian dishes should find a place on your plate:

1. Nutrient-Rich Source of Protein

Fish offal is densely packed with essential nutrients and proteins, including vitamins A, B12, and minerals like iron, zinc, and folate. Incorporating fish offal can bolster your immune system, energy production, and red blood cell formation.

2. Abundant Healthy Fats

Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, fish offal contains compounds like EPA and DHA, supporting heart health, reducing inflammation, and enhancing cognitive function.

3. Collagen Boost

The collagen present in fish offal, whether from the skin, eyes, or lungs, promotes connective tissue health, and cellular repair, and benefits skin, hair, and joint health.

4. Satiety for Weight Management

Fish offal’s combination of proteins, healthy fats, and some carbs can aid in healthy weight loss efforts by keeping you full and curbing cravings.

5. Reducing Food Waste

By consuming fish offal, you contribute to reducing food waste and supporting fishing communities, that face challenges due to seasonal shifts, market dynamics, and natural disasters.

6. Economical Choice

Fish offal, often discarded, is available at lower costs across India. This affordability makes it an accessible source of nutrition and flavor for non-vegetarians.

7. Preserving Culinary Traditions

Embracing fish offal-based recipes helps perpetuate Indian culinary heritage, safeguarding hyperlocal flavors for future generations and utilizing the nation’s resources optimally.


Incorporating fish offal dishes into our diets is not just a culinary choice, but a holistic approach to both health and sustainability. As we savor these time-honored recipes from various corners of India, we engage in a practice that is not only nutrient-rich but also deeply connected to our cultural heritage. The amalgamation of flavors, traditions, and health benefits that fish offal dishes offer makes them a remarkable addition to our modern lifestyles. By choosing to embrace these dishes, we not only nourish our bodies with essential nutrients but also honor the wisdom of our ancestors who ingeniously utilized every part of the fish. As we tread the path toward a healthier future, let us continue to celebrate and cherish these culinary treasures, contributing to our well-being while preserving our culinary legacy for generations to come.